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Degrees of indeterminacy (flexibility & stiffness); Trusses (including types of trusses), beams and frames: determinate and indeterminate structures, cables and arches; moment area theorem; conjugate beam method; principle of virtual work; energy method; Castigliano’s theorems; unit-load and unit-displacement theorems; reciprocal theorems; Betti's and Maxwell's theorem; method of consistent deformations; slope-deflection method; displacement based methods; influence lines; Muller-Breslau's principle; moment distribution method; column analogy method; Introduction to matrix method.

Introduction to using structural analysis software for the analysis of simple structures/structural components.

Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.

Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.

Transients in open channel flows: Causes of transients, Governing equations, Method of characteristics, Explicit and Implicit Finite Difference methods, Sediment routing, Coordinate transformation and two-Dimensional flow simulations, VOF method for surface tracking.

Historical background, Types, Manufacturing Methods, Functions, Typical Applications; Geosynthetic Testing, Physical, Mechanical, Construction survivability and durability testing of Geotextiles and Geogrids; Principles of Soil Reinforcement, Types of Reinforcement, Testing, Allowable loads for design (creep etc.), Elements of Design NCMA Method, Fill Material, Detailed Design of Reinforced Soil Walls (BS 8006), Reinforced Slopes (BS 8006), Facia and Construction Methodology, Specifications, Bearing capacity Improvement, Embankments on soft soils, Basal Reinforcement – Design, Geocell – Design, Construction and Specification, IRC/MORTH Guidelines, Case Histories; Filteration and Drainage, Principles, Typical applications, Dams, French Drains, Testing, Design Principles, Specifications; Pavements and Airports; Influence of cyclic loading, Design for soft soils (unpaved) and new construction – Granular layers, GS in Bituminous Pavements – new construction and rehabilitation, Construction and specifications, Rural Road applications, Railway Tracks, Indian experiences; Natural fibre Materials, Jute and Coir Geotextiles - Products, Processes; Environmental Control, Erosion Control, Mechanics of Erosion, Methods of Control, Products, Design for various conditions, Silt Control, Land slides – Occurrence and methods of mitigation, Liners for Pounds and Canals; Engineered Landfills, Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste Landfills, Site location –MOEF Guidelines, Covers and liners, GCLs, Material aspects and, Design, construction and maintenance, the Indian Scenario Review of Elementary Structural Analysis, Static indeterminacy, Indeterminate system, Truss analysis, Energy Method, Slope-Deflection Method, Analysis of Portal Frames; Matrix method of Structural Analysis, Structural analysis using stiffness matrix and flexibility matrix, and Direct stiffness method; Conceptual Transition from Direct Stiffness Method to Finite Element method, Truss and frame elements, Shape functions, Properties of stiffness matrix, Discretization; Introduction to Nonlinear Analysis, Introduction of geometric and material nonlinearities, P-delta effect, Moment-Curvature relation, Moment – Rotation relation, P-M-M interaction; Special topics: Nonlinear Analysis of structures, 2D Frame analysis with geometric nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with material nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with both geometric and material nonlinearities.

Drawing profile sections and interpretation of geological maps of different complexities.

manual analysis; Codes of Practice; Loads (dead, live, earthquake, wind, etc.) on structures; Load combinations; Discussions on various structural analysis problems; Calculations and drawings; Organizations and management; Professional liability concerns; Design tools; Structural load path; Group or individual project (design a structure of your choice); Design project report preparation and presentation; Review of project by professional experts.Engineering properties and classification of intact rock and rock masses; Geophysical methods and deformability tests in rock mass; Estimation of stresses in rock mass; Rock tunneling; Stability of rock slopes; Drilling and Blasting for underground and open excavations; Grouting in rocks; Rock reinforcement; Rock foundation.Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Multi Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Modal Analysis; Numerical Methods; Seismology, Earthquake Dynamics; Nonlinearity; Structural Design Approaches, Displacement Prediction; Damage Measures; Capacity Design; Reinforced Concrete Structures; Steel Structures.Basic structural behavior and design of low-rise bearing wall buildings; Basic material properties; Strength design of unreinforced masonry elements; Allowable stress design of unreinforced masonry elements; Introduction to reinforced masonry; Introduction to confined masonry.Survey camp of 7-10 days: Total station survey, Geological survey, Creating survey map of the area including information about geological features at the site.

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